Humayun's Garden Tomb is a walled garden tomb in Nizamuddin Delhi, India. It is walking distance from the dargah of Sufi Chisti saint Nizam al-Din, and shares the northeastern corner of the garden's wall with the saint's chilla-khana. The garden and tomb were built under the reign of Mughal emperor Akbar to honor his father, Nasir al-Din Muhammad Humayun.1 The construction for the tomb, garden, gates, and hammam began in 1562 and was completed in 1571.2 Emperor Humayun's Garden Tomb is credited to two architects, Mirak Mirza Ghiyas and his son Sayyid Muhammad Ghiyas.3
|Garden: West/East x North/South||342m x 349m4|
|Platform||111m x 111m x 1.2m5|
|Plinth||99m x 99m x 6.5m 6|
|Tomb Footprint||50m x 50m7|
|Pishtaq||12.69m Wide x 18m Tall8|
|Iwan||10m Wide x 13.5m Tall9|
|Iwan's Pointed Arch||10m Springing Point, 3.5m Rise10|
|Total Height||42.5m 13|
1. Glenn Lowry, "Humayun's Tomb: Form, Function, and Meaning in Early Mughal Architecture," Muqarnas 4, (1987): 133.
2. ibid., 133.
3. Laura E. Parodi, "The Posthumous Portrait of ‘Hadrat Jannat Ashiyani:’ Dynastic, Saintly, and Literary Imagery in the Tomb of Humayun," Islamic Art 6, (2009): 130.
4. R. Balasubramaniam, "On the Modular Design of Mughal Riverfront Funerary Gardens," Nexus Network Journal 12, (2010): 276.
5. Rahimov Laziz Abduazizovich, "The Mausoleum of Humayun," International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research 5, no. 7 (2016): 211.
6. Lowry, "Humayun's Tomb: Form," 133.
7. Balasubramaniam, "On Modular Design Mughal Riverfront," 276.
8. Abduazizovich, "Mausoleum of Humayun," 211.
9. ibid., 212.
10. ibid., 213.
11. ibid., 213.
12. "Finial," Nizamuddin Urban Renewal Initiative, accessed May 1, 2020. http://www.nizamuddinrenewal.org/conservation/humayun-tomb/data/finial.php.
13. Lowry, "Humayun's Tomb: Form," 133.
Thank you to all of the professors that inspired me so long ago.
I want to thank Cathy Asher in particular. Thank you for remembering me after twelve years, replying to my many emails, answering my many questions, supplying me with the reading materials that I needed, and donating your time to edit my work.
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