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The Emperor Humayun's Garden Tomb

Ablution Tank

Ablution Tank

Water plays many important roles in Islam. In order to pray, enter a masjid, or hold a Quran, a believer must first perform a ritual cleansing called wudu. For convenience, Islamic holy sites, like Nizam al-Din's Chilla Khana & Khanqah have ablution tanks on site for use by those that intend to enter.

Some mosques, such as the Jami Masjid in Old Delhi, were designed with central  ablution tanks that are sometimes called fawwara.1


1. Philip Davies The Penguin Guide to the Monuments of India. Vol. 2: Islamic, Rajput, European (London: Penguin books, 1989), 595.

Illustrations

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A Typical Ablution Tank
A Typical Ablution Tank
Tanks at Nizamuddin
The ablution tanks at Humayun's Garden Tomb can be found in the graveyard behind the khanqah.

Additional Information

A formal bibliography is posted on the outline page.

    O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful.

    — Al-Ma'ida, Quran, Surah 5, Ayah 6

    "City Faith: Hazrat Nizamuddin's Chilla Central Delhi"

    Sufi photographer and journalist, Manyank Soofi uses his talents to capture the essence of the Nizamuddin neighborhood.

  • Ali, Asif. "Mosque Architecture in Delhi: Continuity and Change in its Morphology" Ateet. Special Issue, 40-57.

Nizam al-Din's Chilla Khana & Khanqah

Nizamuddin Garden Wall Chilla Khana Chilla Khana Ablution Tank Ablution Tank Baraka Circumambulatory Path Circumambulatory Path Circumambulatory Path Circumambulatory Path Baraka Khanqah