Hemp seed oil is obtained from legal hemp plantations. It is cold pressed at 40 degrees Celsius. It has an earthy flavor and aroma with notes of nuts or sunflower seeds. Due to its consistency and properties, it is not recommended to heat the oil or fry it. It should only be eaten raw, as it is. Then it retains its healing properties valuable to health. After opening, it may become rancid, therefore it should be stored in the refrigerator and consumed within a maximum of 3 months.
Botanically speaking, hemp seeds are small nuts and therefore oil seeds. They are surrounded by a brownish-gray, thin and glassy shell. They are 3-4 mm thick and 1000 seeds weigh between 15 and 20 grams. About 1,000 kg of hemp seeds can be harvested from one hectare of cultivated area, from which approx. 350 liters of hemp oil can be obtained.
Hemp seeds are an amazing bomb of nutrients and vitamins necessary for the proper functioning of the human body. They contain approx. 35% fat, of which almost 90% are unsaturated fatty acids. In addition, the seeds contain carbohydrates, protein, niacin and vitamins E, B1, B2, B6, calcium, iron, magnesium and potassium, and the rare vitamin K. They also contain phytoestrogens, flavonoids, lignans and phytosterols. Hemp oil also contains γ-linolenic acid (GLA), which when consumed has many health benefits, but is not found in all vegetable oils. The shelled seeds are a rich source of dietary fiber. The oil obtained from the seeds contains over 80% of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Of all plants, hemp seeds have the highest content of essential fatty acids. Overall, there is no other plant that contains 80-85% of the total fat content of unsaturated fatty acids. Hemp oil is a valuable rarity among vegetable oils. The ratio of essential omega-6 acid to omega-3 acid is optimal at 3: 1. Hemp seeds and hemp oil are among the products that best supply Omega-3 acid.