Painting may seem like a lot of work but just follow these simple steps and the next time you paint it might not seem so daunting. In this post I'm going to walk you through everything you need to know to achieve the perfect paint job, we're going to cover in this post.
let's get to it, the first step is to pick a colour that fits your space, first, choose your colour family next once you pick the colours family pic light or dark. It is a large room you can work pretty freely with either and maybe play around with a feature wall. But if it's a small space you want to stick to light colours or shades of white.
Dark colours will always add Shadows and make a room appear smaller, where has light colours will make a room appear larger. next decide if you want the colours to be bright or muted, bright colours will have more pop and energy whereas muted colours are more soft and homely.
Before you choose a colour take into account what is already inside of the room, what colour is the furniture, what colour is the floor, can you see any other rooms from this room? You will need to pick colours that compliment each other for instance, the curtains, the seating or the flooring. In the case of my room, we can see the walls of the adjacent room so we have to pick a colour that compliments. I'm going to go with a monochromatic theme here and the best rule of thumb for that is to pick one colour and experiment with different shades.
Since the adjacent room is pretty light grey I'm going to go with a dark grey for this room, this is going to give it a nice contrast. It's good to stick to the same colour family, like all cool tones or warm tones. If you are mixing up cool tones with warm tones it’s going to look kind of weird. Paint suppliers will often categorize these colour family for you into little colour charts so you don't have to do the dirty work. I would definitely suggest picking up a few sample pots of paint in your chosen colour first, just to try on your wall at home, because there's nothing worst than painting half a wall and you stand back, you look at it and you're like “I hate this”.
Now that you've picked your coulors it's time to choose a finish, it can seem kind of difficult to know which finish to pick. So paint comes in a variety of finishes, matt, eggshell, satin, mid sheen, silk and high gloss. For ceilings & walls the emulsions used are.
- Flat matt which is mainly sold in the DIY stores. It’s a cheaper version of the Trade Paint and can take up to three coats to cover to give you a solid colour, this paint will mark easily and comes off when wiped with a wet cloth.
-Viynal Matt this is a bit more durable and can be wiped, it also forms a moisture barrier so is ideal for bathrooms and kitchens where steam is present.
-The most durable is the scrubbable matt’s, these tend to be the most expensive they are great for high traffic areas such as hallways, staircases & children's areas.
-Eggshell this is also a scrubbable emulsion with a slight sheen, it can also be applied to the woodwork in a quick drying water based or oil based form.
-Silk emulsion is wipe-able & as a semi-gloss sheen, but not a lot of professional decorators like to use it because it can be troublesome to apply.
-Satin is used for woodwork and has a finish similar to eggshell.
-Gloss is also used for woodwork and as it’s name suggests is shiny.
Normally go with eggshell or durable matt finish, it’s tougher and the finish will look good for longer. But I'm going to go with Vinyl Matt because I like the look of it and I don't have a very active household. when you're buying paint the general rule is that one gallon (5ltrs) will roughly cover 400 square feet, so just multiply the length and height to get the square footage of the walls. For the trim you usually can get away with one litre for an average sized room.
Before you're ready to paint make sure you have all the right materials the first question to ask is do you need primer the answer to that most of the time is probably not, primer is only really needed when you're painting over bare, stained or repairs. Some drastic colour changes may need a primer coat, so if you're going from midnight black to pearly white then a primer coat will be required.
you also need painters tape there a million different kinds but I stick to the basics honestly they're all the same. A 3 inch angled latex brush it's about £7 to £10 but it's well worth it and will do a much better job than any cheap brush which tends to be streaky and make weird textures. It will also hold more paint than a cheap brush and it makes it easier to cut straight lines which is super super important when you're painting a wall.
A roller with a nap cover, depending on the texture of the surface you are painting you can use either a 38 inch for smooth surfaces, a 1/2 inch for semi smooth surface, 3/4 of an inch for rough surfaces and a 1 and 1 quarter inch for very rough textured surfaces. ½ inch is the most commonly used nap cover and pretty standard for a basic wall so that's what we're going to go with.
A 2 to 4 foot extendable roller pole is a must trust me this will make your life so much easier. You'll also need a step ladder, a drop cloth, a cutting in pot you should never work directly out of a tin you're more likely to spill it. You'll need a paint tray, filler ready mixed is a great time saver, sandpaper and a putty knife.
Now that you've purchased your painting supplies it's time to prep the space, sometimes this part takes longer than actually painting the room which can be annoying but trust me it is worth it. First wear an outfit that you really don't care about it's going to get messy, then take everything out furniture, wall art, take it all out.
No matter how careful you are paint tends to splatter and get on nearby things and that sucks. You want to remove any light switch, plug socket covers and cover them up with some painters tape. Give your space a good cleaning vacuum the corners, dust of the trim and get rid of any cobwebs.
Then lay down a drop cloth, then fill any holes in your wall from nails or screws using the ready mixed filler, apply with the putty knife. Once the filler is dry you can then sand it down with some sandpaper, this comes in different grades of coarseness called grit’s. Generally a 80 grit sandpaper will be sufficient for most jobs.
Then spot prime the filler with some of your wall paint, his will ensure the finished coat goes on nice and smooth. The primer is necessary to make sure the paint will adhere to the surface instead of soaking into the wall. Now for the fun part, it's time to paint.
Open your paint can with a Flat head screwdriver and let’s get started, if you're working with more than one can of paint it’s best practice is to mix it all together in a 5 gallon bucket this process is called boxing. Sometimes the colour mixtures can be slightly inconsistent and you don't want to end up with two different coloured walls.
If you're painting an entire room work from the outside in, ceilings first then the walls and lastly the trim. Today I'm just painting the walls let's cover up the baseboard/ skirting with painters tape. A big misconception is that you have to cover the entire room with tape, the windows, the corners, the ceiling, but it's honestly a waste of time and will end up looking sloppy.
The pros don't use tape so neither should you unless you really need it, I will just cover up the baseboards to avoid any trips. If you really feel the need to use tape everywhere I won't Judge just press the top down with the plastic putty knife to make sure none of the paint seeps through, because that always happens and it's just the worst.
You want to work from the top, starting with the ceiling cut in the ceiling then baseboards, windows and door frame, Then roll the middle up to your cut in areas. Pour some paint into your cutting bucket and dip your paintbrush in about a third of the way, in generally Two Fingers deep. Tapping on the side to get any excess paint off and do not scrape it.
The best way to hold the brush is kind of like a pencil, that allows you to have nice Swift movement and hopefully keep a steady hand. Paint with smooth strokes and feather the edges to prevent run, it's good to brush about 4 inches down from the ceiling before going into cut because you don't want it to go on to thick.
you want to cut a hair into the ceiling because if you leave a tiny line unpainted it's going to be very visible from Down Below, but if you go slightly over it's very hard to notice. you also don't need to obsess over making it perfectly unbelievably straight, because up close you'll definitely notice but as soon as you stepped down those tiny imperfections are going to be very very hard to see.
There definitely are part of this process that do require Close attention to detail, but this is just not one of them. Continue cutting all around the rest of the edges, only do one wall at a time or even half a wall if it's a biggie, because it needs to be slightly wet when you apply the roller so that they seamlessly fit together.
Generally the texture of a paintbrush is going to be different from the texture of a roller, so you want them to kind of gradient into each other and that's not really going to happen if one of them is dry.
For the coroner's use more paint than you think corners tend to be thirsty, if you really feel the need to use tape you’re like “I carnt do this my hands are shaky” “I don't trust myself” it's cool I get it just use the tape as more of a guideline, don't like paint all over it like a madman because I guarantee you that is going to leak everywhere.
Once the edges are painted it's time to break out the roller, dip just a little bit into the paint and roll across the paint tray just to even it out.
Resist the urge to submerge the entire roller, so the general rule is that you lay it on and then you lay it off. Paint the entire wall and just get it all on there, you don't really need to be super precise because once it’s completely covered, you are going to go over it one more time to spread it out evenly this is called laying it off.
You don't need to dip the roller into the paint again to lay it off, just use whatever paint is left over on the roller. When laying off the paint it is still wet there some paint residue on my roller but it isn't entirely soaked. I'm just going up and down in straight lines, side by side slightly overlapping each time.
Don't worry about lines as the paint dries they will disappear, try to go slow to avoid paint splatters take your time to get the best results. Reload the paint on the roller frequently instead of pressing harder to get more paint out of it, this can cause drips and give it a weird texture, which we don't want.
After reloading start painting again about half a rollers width away then spread it out in either Direction, this will make sure you want overlapping too much paint at a time.
Turn the roller side ways to get tough spots like under the windows or a half wall that is separated with a dado rail. You will normally need to apply two coats of paint, but it really depends on the paint.
Once you're totally done let it dry and make sure you remove the tape within 1 or 2 hours to prevent it from adhering to the wall. If you need to take a break in the middle of your painting sesh don't freak out, you don’t need to clean everything, just cover your bucket,put the lid back on your paint tin and wrap the roller in a plastic bag.
To clean your brushes run the brush under warm water and thoroughly scrub it out use a slop sink if you have one because it's going to get Messy, you can use dish soap to help get the paint out and you can get a cleaning brush tool to really clean the pain from the Bristles.
Make sure you reshape the brush before you let it dry, otherwise it will dry all weird and wonky. To clean the roller just run it under water and squeeze out any excess paint, this may take up to like 10 to 20 minutes but you really want to get all the paint out of there.
A Lot of people just throw away the rollers instead of dealing with the extra work, but it is possible I swear to you, once they are clean store them upright to dry. Once your walls are completely dry, put the room back together again. Get some new decorations, Maybe throw, some new pillows that matches your new wall and enjoy your new space.
15 Prior Road