NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India - Learn CBSE
SST Class 10 NCERT Solutions Solutions PDF helps you improve your skills on the topics. You can have a thorough understanding of different concepts and download the handy NCERT Textbook Solutions for Class 10 Social Science SST(History, Geography, Civics and Economics) and refer to them whenever necessary. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science SST. Take the help of the best resources available for Class 10th Social Science Solutions and understand difficult concepts too in a simple way. Enhance your subject knowledge and tackle different questions in the board exams easily by practicing. CBSE Class 10 Social Science History PDF Download is available here for free.� On myboat040 boatplans, a specialized team of experts prepares the NCERT solutions for the students considering the needs of the students. Toppr team is available to clear the doubts of students. Download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History from the links below. Toppr provides free study materials, + hours of video lectures, previous year questions papers and more.� Moreover, it discusses the various British dominating actions like the Rowlatt Act and its consequences. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History Chapter 4 The Making of a Global World. The world was never the same as it is now. It has come across various developments in the field of trade, technology, etc. The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science textbook provided by us are detailed and accurate to the point. The four subjects; history, political science, geography and economics are different parts of social science. After reading each chapter, we have to solve the questions given at the end which are called NCERT questions. These are very important for the preparation of exams so if you are finding any difficulties while solving any question then you can refer to this page. NCERT Solutions for Class 10th History. NCERT Solutions for Class 10th Civics.� History - NCERT Solutions Class 10th. There are eight chapters divided into three sections. The first section contains three chapters, each detailing nationalism movements in various countries.

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Question 1. Write briefly why some people feared that the development of print could lead to the growth of dissenting ideas. Answer: Print created the possibility of wide circulation of ideas, and introduced a new world of debate and discussion. Even those who disagreed with established authorities could now print and circulate their ideas.

The developments made some people wary. They feared that if there was no control over what was printed and read then rebellious and irreligious thoughts might spread. If that happened religious authorities and monarchs would be in danger. Even some writers and artists were worried of the new printed literature that had begun to circulate. The new intellectual atmosphere that print had brought made them restless. Question 2. Why do some historians think that print culture created the basis for the French Revolution?

Answer: Some historians think so because of the following reasons: i Print enabled the common people to be familiar with the ideas of scientists and philosophers. The writings of thinkers such as Voltaire and Rousseau were widely printed and read. People began to raise questions on tradition, superstition and despotism. They demanded that everything be judged through the application of reason and rationality. Give reasons for the following: a Woodblock print only came to Europe after Answer: a Woodblock print was invented around the sixth century in China.

It came to Europe along with Marco Polo, in This was the year when the great explorer returned to Italy after many years of exploration in China. He brought the knowledge of woodblock print with him on his return. He wanted to make people aware of all these. Print gave him a chance to do it. In , he wrote Ninety Five Theses in which he challenged the Chruch to debate his ideas. This led to a division within the Church and to the beginning of the Protestant Reformation.

Luther was deeply grateful to print. The Church had to face many dissents from the mid-sixteenth century onwards. People had written several books that interpreted the God and Creation in the way they liked. The Roman Church, troubled by such effects of popular readings and questioning of faith, imposed severe control over publishers and booksellers and began to keep an Index of Prohibited books from The British Government in India was bent upon to crush these three powerful vehicles.

Gandhiji was very apprehensive of that. So, he said that the fight for Swaraj was a fight for the liberty of speech, the liberty of press and freedom of association. It was a developed form of wine and olive presses. The above presses, in fact, provided him the model for the printing press, and moulds were used for casting the metal types for the letters of the alphabet. By , Gutenberg perfected the system.

The first book he printed was the Bible. About copies were printed and it took three years to produce them which was fast production by the standards of the time. He criticised the excesses of Catholicism but maintained a distance from Martin Luther. He expressed a deep anxiety about printing. He considered that most of the printed books were stupid, ignorant, slanderous, scandalous, raving, irreligious and seditious.

The increase in the number of such books was very unfortunate because of their devaluating effect on the valuable books. Such excesses would be dangerous and therefore, should be stopped. It was modelled on the Irish Press Laws. It provided the government with extensive rights to censor reports and editorials in the vernacular press.

From now on the government kept regular track of the vernacular newspapers published in different provinces. When a report was judged seditious, the newspaper was warned, and if the warning was ignored, the press was liable to be seized and the printing machinery confiscated. Question 3.

What did the spread of print culture in nineteenth century India mean to: a Women b The poor c Reformers Answer: a Women: The spread of print culture in 19th century India proved highly beneficial for the Indian women. They began reading printed material. Their lives and feelings began to be written in particularly vivid and intense ways. Liberal families started educating them.

Many journals began carrying writings by women, and explained why women should be educated. But conservative Hindus and Muslims were dead against women education. Conservative Hindus believed that a literate girl would be widowed and Muslims feared that educated women would be corrupted by reading Urdu romances. Sometimes, rebel women defied such prohibition. They began to read books and learnt writing in secrecy. Rashsundari Debi in East Bengal was such a woman who learnt to read in the secrecy of her kitchen and later wrote her autobiography Amar Jiban, which was published in In the s, in present- day Maharashtra, women such as Tarabai Shinde and Pandita Ramabai wrote with passionate anger about the miserable lives of the upper caste Hindu women, especially windows.

Thus, the spread of print culture in the 19th century India empowered Indian women to a great extent. They began thinking and writing in their own way without being deterred by conservative Hindus and Muslims. Public libraries were set up from the early twentieth century, expanding the access to books.

Although factory workers mostly lacked education to write much about their experiences, there were some who wrote to show the links between caste and class discrimination. Factory workers also set up libraries to educate themselves. They now began using print to spread their reformist ideas and highlight the unethical issues.

Issues of caste discrimination began to be written about in many printed tracts and essays. In the twentieth century, B. Ambedkar in Maharashtra and E. Ramaswamy Naicker in Madras wrote powerfully on caste and their writings were read by people all over India. Reformers like Raja Rammohun Roy and Dayanand Saraswati attacked on some of the crudest social evils such sati pratha, child marriage, etc.

By using print, these reformers changed the mindset of the contemporary people who previously glorified these practices. Why did some people in eighteenth century Europe think that print culture would bring enlightenment and end despotism? Answer: By the mid-eighteenth century, there was a common conviction that books were a means of spreading progress and enlightenment.

People began to show their belief in books. They were sure that only books could change the world, liberate society from despotism and tyranny, and herald a time when reason and intellect would rule. Louise-Sebastien Mercier, a novelist in the eighteenth century France, viewed the printing press as the most powerful engine of progress and public opinion as the force that would end despotism.

Why did some people fear the effect of easily available printed books? Choose one example from Europe and one from India. Answer: The religious authorities and monarchs, as well as many writers and artists were upset to see the easy availability of printed books. If that happened, there would be complete chaos. For example: i In Europe, the Roman Catholic Church tried to check the flow of printed books by imposing severe control over publishers and booksellers.

The Church also began to maintain an Index of Prohibited Books from This Act imposed stringent control Ncert Solutions For Class 10th Ch 6 Life Processes Science Guy on the local newspapers. The government now kept regular track of the vernacular newspapers published in different provinces. There was also a certain amount of fear among the Hindu orthodoxy and upper class people. What were the effects of the spread of print culture for poor people in nineteenth century India?

Answer: The effects of the spread of print culture for poor people in nineteenth century India can be assessed by the following points: i The nineteenth century Indian markets were flooded with low-priced books. This allowed poor people travelling to markets to buy them. These libraries expanded the access to books. Poor people could easily get books of their choice and read them. These were widely read by people across the country.

For instance, Kashibaba, a Kanpur millworker, wrote and published Chhote Aur Bade Ka Sawal in to show links between caste and class exploitation.

Question 4. Explain how print culture assisted the growth of nationalism in India. Answer: The print culture played an important role in spreading nationalist feelings among Indians: i Printed tracts and newspapers spread new ideas and shaped the nature of the debate, which ultimately assisted the growth of nationalism.

Common people began questioning why colonial rule should continue in India. Newspapers conveyed news from one place to another, creating pan-Indian identities.

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