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Course: History - Class 6 Mar 30, �� Class 10 History Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialisation questions answers are given below to free download in PDF form. NCERT Solutions and Apps are updated for new academic session based on new NCERT Books following the latest CBSE Syllabus. Also, you will get to know about other topics of History. To make your studies easier, we have provided the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History. The NCERT Class 10 History Solutions contain chapter wise answers to all the questions provided in the exercise. Oct 07, �� On this page, you will find NCERT Class 10 History Chapter 4 Notes Pdf free download. CBSE Class 10 Social Science Notes History Chapter 4 SST The Making of Global World will seemingly, help them to revise the important concepts in less time.. The Making of Global World Class 10 Notes Social Science History Chapter 4.
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But the traders cheat them. Give two examples of different types of global exchanges which took place before the seventeenth century, choosing one example from Asia and one from the Americas. Answer: One example from Asia The silk routes played an important role in establishing trade and cultural links between distant parts of the world. West-bound Chinese silk cargoes travelled through these routes. Historians have identified several silk routes, over land and by sea, knitting together vast regions of Asia, and linking Asia with Europe and northern Africa.

They are known to have existed till the fifteenth century. Chinese pottery also travelled the same route as did textiles and spices from India and southeast Asia.

In return, precious metals like gold and silver flowed from Europe to Asia. Besides, cultural exchanges also took place. Early Christian missionaries travelled this route to Asia, as did early Muslim preachers a few centuries later. Food has an important role in long-distance cultural exchange. Traders and travellers introduced new crops to the lands they travelled. It is believed the noodles travelled west from China. Other common foods such as potatoes, soya, groundnuts, etc. From the sixteenth century, its vast lands, abundant crops and minerals began to transform trade and lives everywhere.

Explain how the global transfer of disease in the pre-modem world helped in the colonisation of the Americas. Answer: i America was very rich in natural resources. It had vast lands, abundant crops and minerals.

This attracted Europeans Portuguese and Spanish who were known for their superior firework. In fact, the most powerful weapon of the Spanish conquerors proved to be the germs of smallpox and other diseases that they carried on their person. Smallpox in particular proved to be a deadly killer.

But not diseases such as smallpox to which the conquerors were mostly immune. Answer: a i The nineteenth-century Britain lacked self-sufficiency in food because of the fast population growth. The ever-increasing population increased the demand for food grains in Britain. This pushed up the prices of food grains. But these laws were soon abolished as a result of which food could be imported into Britain more cheaply than it could be produced within the country.

Vast areas of land were left uncultivated, and thousands of men and women were thrown out of work. They migrated to cities or overseas.

Countries like Russia, America and Australia began to export food grains to meet the British demand. This further weakened the local producers. It was carried by infected cattle imported from British Asia to feed the Italian soldiers invading Eritrea in East Africa. Along the way the disease killed 90 per cent of the cattle.

Planters, mine owners and colonial governments took advantage of this situation. Thus, rinderpest played an important role in making Africa a puppet in the hands of colonisers. It saw the use of machine guns,tanks, aircrafts, chemical weapons, etc. The scale of death and destruction was beyond imagination.

These deaths and injuries reduced the able-bodied workforce in Europe, with fewer numbers within the family, household incomes declined after the war. They took jobs to run their families. Thus, their activities were no longer limited to home and hearth. The war taught them how to bear double burden. Hence, the impact of the Great Depression could be seen on India too.

The depression immediately affected Indian trade. Between and , wheat prices in India fell by 50 per cent. This made the lives of peasants and farmers miserable. Peasants producing for the world market were the worst hit.

They used up their savings, mortgaged lands and sold whatever jewellery and precious metals they had to meet their expenses. This made India an exporter of precious metals, notably gold. Indian gold exports promoted global economic recovery but the Indian peasants were bound to lead a miserable life. Question 4. Give two examples from history to show the impact of technology on food availability.

Answer: Technology played a major role in making food available. This can be understood by the following examples:. Now animals were slaughtered for food at the starting point in America, Australia or New Zealand and then exported to Europe where meat was scarce.

The poor in Europe could now add meat to their diet. Question 5. What is meant by the Bretton Woods Agreement? In this system, national currencies were pegged to the dollar at a fixed exchange rate. Question 6. Imagine that you are an indentured Indian labourer in the Caribbean. Drawing from the details in this chapter, write a letter to your family describing your life and feelings.

Actually the agents, who hired me and others, provided false information about final destinations, modes of travel, the nature of the work, and living and working conditions. We are forced to live in harsh conditions. What is more we have been given few legal rights.

I am very upset and so are my fellow indentured labourers. In spite ofour best efforts, most of us fail to do the works allotted to us properly and in given time frame. In case of absenteeism from work, one is prosecuted and even sent to jail. Deductions are also made from wages if the work is considered to have been done unsatisfactorily.

Through advertisements. Visit to discussion forum to share your knowledge with your friends and other users of Tiwari Academy. These questions are given at the end of this page. What was their role? Why new industrialist could not displace traditional industries? What is meant by Capital?

It is the part of money which is invested for trade purpose. What is Staples? What is Fuller? What is meant by Carding?

The process in when fibres such as cotton or wool are prepared prior to spinning. Women workers in Britain attacked the Spinning Jenny because it speeded up the spinning process, and consequently, reduced labour demand. This caused a valid fear of unemployment among women working in the woollen industry. Till date, they had survived on hand spinning, but this was placed in peril by the new machine.

In the seventeenth century merchants from towns in Europe began employing peasants and artisans within the villages. In the seventeenth century, merchants from towns in Europe began employing peasants and artisans within the villages because production in urban areas could not be increased due to the presence of powerful trade guilds. These maintained control over production, regulated prices and competition, and restricted the entry of new people in the trade.

Monopolisation was also a common tactic. In the countryside, there were no such rules, and impoverished peasants welcomed these merchants. The port of Surat declined by the end of the eighteenth century. Give reason? The port of Surat declined by the end of the eighteenth century on account of the growing power of European companies in trade with India. They secured many concessions from local courts as well as the monopoly rights to trade.

This led to a decline of the old ports of Surat and Hoogly from where local merchants had operated. Exports slowed and local banks here went bankrupt. The East India Company appointed gomasthas to supervise weavers in India. The East India Company appointed gomasthas to supervise weavers in India to establish a more direct control over the weavers, free of the existing traders and brokers in the cloth trade. The gomasthas were the paid servants who supervised the weavers, collected supplies and examined the quality of cloth.

The gomasthas ensured that all management and control of the cloth industry came under the British. This helped in eliminating competition, controlling costs and ensuring regular supplies of cotton and silk products. Explain what is meant by proto-industrialisation. Proto-industrialisation is the phase of industrialisation that was not based on the factory system. Before the coming of factories, there was large-scale industrial production for an international market.

This part of industrial history is known as proto-industrialisation. Why did some industrialists in nineteenth-century Europe prefer hand labour over machines? Some industrialists in nineteenth-century England preferred hand labour over machines because there was no labour shortage in the market, and as a result, there was no problem of high wage costs either.

Industrialists did not wish to replace hand labour with machines that would require large capital investment. Also, in industries where the production and amount of labour required were dependent on the seasons, hand labour was preferred for its lower costs. Apart from this, many goods could only be manufactured by hand. Machines could provide mass quantities of a uniform product.

But the demand was for intricate designs and shapes; this required human skill, and not mechanical technology. Handmade products also stood for refinement and class status. It was commonly believed that machine-made goods were for export to the colonies. How did the East India Company procure regular supplies of cotton and silk textiles from Indian weavers?

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