03.04.2021  Author: admin   Model Boat Shops
Alum Boat Buyers | Customers of Alum Boat (Product And Company,US Import Trade Data) � Panjiva english espanol suomi francais Raleigh Record LTD $89 (Bremerton) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $ Premium, 24 Spd, His 20" and Hers 15" Alum. Frames $ (GIG HARBOR, WA) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. $1, favorite this post Apr 2 Santa Cruz DH Bike. The Port of Southampton is a major passenger and cargo port located in the central part of the south coast of England. It has been an important port since the Roman occupation of Britain nearly two thousand years ago, and has a multifaceted history. From the Middle Ages to the end of the 20th century, it was a centre for naval shipbuilding and a departure point for soldiers going to war. Things to Do in Dorset, England: See Tripadvisor's , traveller reviews and photos of Dorset tourist attractions. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in April. We have reviews of the best places to see in Dorset. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions.

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Bodies of Water. Various islands to explore, including uninhabited islands as well as the famous National Trust Brownsea island with i Old Harry Rocks. This year we returned with our canoe, parked up by South Beach and enjoyed a fantastic paddle around Old Harry. Lulworth Cove and Durdle Door. Geologic Formations. Worth spending your energy on : The walk back to the car park is uphill, take your time, stop often and look back. Swanage Railway.

Christchurch Priory Church. Enough said ; nice grounds and quay well worth a visit if close by to Christchurch or the surrounding areas of the N Weymouth Harbour. Excellent for crabbing. A working harbour where you can see the fishing boats at close range and sometimes chat to the Monkey World. All in all monkey world in a fantastic rescue centre full of brilliant and interesting primates.

Portland Bill Lighthouse. Very interesting information about the light house , which is a classic design for a lighthouse. Kingston Lacy. Fabulous house, lovely circular walks, Japanese Garden and great tea-rooms after your walk. Nothe Fort.

The displays , models and information are thoroughly relevant for all ages and there is also a mouse hunt to engage t Hiking Trails. We visited Durdle door at Easter and we loved the exceptional scenery and walks surrounding the main attraction even Lyme Regis Philpot Museum. Natural History Museums. Dinosaurland Fossil Museum. Lyme Regis Marine Aquarium. Avon Beach. If you walk further on from The Noisy Lobster you end up at Mudeford Key , where you can do crabbing.

Farmer Palmer's Farm Park. The tractor ride is great fun, but best of all is the milking demonstration by Farmer Palmer, who is great fun! The Lulworth Cove. Castletown D-Day Centre. We climbed inside a Sherman tank , sat on a BSA motorcycle and sidecar with Bren gun, aimed anti-aircraft guns and tri Alum Chine Beach. It is a lot quieter than the area around Bournemouth pier and ideal for young families with RNLI lifeguards on duty a Mudeford Quay.

We had a lovely time at mudeford bay, weather was very hot, we watched folks crab fishing and we had lovely views of Ways to tour Dorset. Jurassic Coastal Cruise to Swanage from Poole. Private Discovery Flight Around Bournemouth. Jurassic Coast Experience full day trip. The main reason for this was to allow the Newcastle Hostmen , who controlled the export of Tyne coal, to get their hands on the Gateshead coal mines, previously controlled by the Bishop of Durham. However, when Mary I came to power, Dudley met his downfall and the decision was reversed.

The Reformation allowed private access to coal mines previously owned by Tynemouth and Durham priories and as a result coal exports increase dramatically, from 15, tons in to 35, tons in , and to , tons in The plague visited Newcastle four times during the 16th century, in when 2, people died, [23] in when died, in and finally in In Elizabeth I granted Newcastle a charter for an exclusive body of electors, the right to elect the mayor and burgesses.

The charter also gave the Hostmen exclusive rights to load coal at any point on the Tyne. The Hostmen developed as an exclusive group within the Merchant Adventurers who had been incorporated by a charter in In there was a serious outbreak of bubonic plague in Newcastle.

There had been several previous outbreaks of the disease over the years, but this was the most serious. It is thought to have arrived from the Netherlands via ships that were trading between the Tyne and that country.

It first appeared in the lower part of the town near the docks but gradually spread to all parts of the town. Other infected persons were put in huts outside the town walls and left to die.

Plague pits were dug next to the town's four churches [26] and outside the town walls to receive the bodies in mass burials. In Charles I tried to raise money by doubling the 'voluntary' tax on coal in return for allowing the Newcastle Hostmen to regulate production and fix prices. This caused outrage amongst the London importers and the East Anglian shippers. Both groups decided to boycott Tyne coal and as a result forced Charles to reverse his decision in Trade from the Tyne ground to a halt during the occupation.

In the English Civil War began. King Charles realised the value of the Tyne coal trade and therefore garrisoned Newcastle. A Royalist was appointed as governor. At that time, Newcastle and King's Lynn were the only important seaports to support the crown.

In Parliament blockaded the Tyne to prevent the king from receiving revenue from the Tyne coal trade. Coal exports fell from , to 3, tons and London suffered a hard winter without fuel. Parliament encouraged the coal trade from the Wear to try to replace that lost from Newcastle but that was not enough to make up for the lost Tyneside tonnage.

In the Scots crossed the border. Newcastle strengthened its defences in preparation. The Scottish army, with 40, troops, besieged Newcastle for three months until the garrison of 1, surrendered. During the siege, the Scots bombarded the walls with their artillery, situated in Gateshead and Castle Leazes.

The Scottish commander threatened to destroy the steeple of St Nicholas church by gunfire if the mayor, Sir John Marley , did not surrender the town.

The mayor responded by placing Scottish prisoners that they had captured in the steeple, so saving it from destruction. The town walls were finally breached by a combination of artillery and sapping. The Scottish army occupied Northumberland and Durham for two years. The coal taxes had to Harbor Craft Aluminum Boats Co. Ltd pay for the Scottish occupation. In Charles surrendered to the Scots and was imprisoned in Newcastle for nine months.

After the Civil War the coal trade on the Tyne soon picked up and exceeded its pre-war levels. A new Guildhall was completed on the Sandhill next to the river in , [28] replacing an earlier facility damaged by fire in , [29] and became the meeting place of Newcastle Town Council.

The Guildhall and Holy Jesus Hospital still exist. Charles II tried to impose a charter on Newcastle to give the king the right to appoint the mayor, sheriff, recorder and town clerk. Charles died before the charter came into effect. However, James' mandate was suspended in after the Glorious Revolution welcoming William of Orange. In , after the fall of James II, the people of Newcastle tore down his bronze equestrian statue in Sandhill and tossed it into the Tyne. The bronze was later used to make bells for All Saints Church.

In the Lort Burn was covered over. At this time it was an open sewer. The channel followed by the Lort Burn became the present day Dean Street. At that time, the centre of Newcastle was still the Sandhill area, with many merchants living along the Close or on the Side. The path of the main road through Newcastle ran from the single Tyne bridge, through Sandhill to the Side, a narrow street which climbed steeply on the north-east side of the castle hill until it reached the higher ground alongside St Nicholas' Church.

As Newcastle developed, the Side became lined with buildings with projecting upper stories, so that the main street through Newcastle was a narrow, congested, steep thoroughfare. In the Keelmen's Hospital was built in the Sandgate area of the city, using funds provided by the keelmen.

The building still stands today. In the 18th century, Newcastle was the country's largest print centre after London, Oxford and Cambridge, and the Literary and Philosophical Society of , with its erudite debates and large stock of books in several languages predated the London Library by half a century.

In , during the Jacobite rising in favour of the Old Pretender , an army of Jacobite supporters marched on Newcastle. Many of the Northumbrian gentry joined the rebels. The citizens prepared for its arrival by arresting Jacobite supporters and accepting extra recruits into the local militia. The gates of the city were closed against the rebels. This proved enough to delay an attack until reinforcements arrived forcing the rebel army to move across to the west coast. The rebels finally surrendered at Preston.

In , during a second Jacobite rising in favour of the Young Pretender , a Scottish army crossed the border led by Bonnie Prince Charlie. Once again Newcastle prepared by arresting Jacobite supporters and inducting volunteers into the local militia.

The town walls were strengthened, most of the gates were blocked up and some cannon were deployed. These preparations were enough to force the rebel army to travel south via the west coast.

They were eventually defeated at Culloden in Newcastle's actions during the rising in resisting the rebels and declaring for George I , in contrast to the rest of the region, is the most likely source of the nickname 'Geordie', applied to people from Tyneside, or more accurately Newcastle.

Another theory, however, is that the name 'Geordie' came from the inventor of the Geordie lamp , George Stephenson. It was a type of safety lamp used in mining, but was not invented until Apparently the term 'German Geordie' was in common use during the 18th century. The city's first hospital, Newcastle Infirmary opened in ; it was funded by public subscription.

In a flood swept away much of the bridge at Newcastle. The bridge had been built in and repaired after a flood in The bridge supported various houses and three towers and an old chapel.

A blue stone was placed in the middle of the bridge to mark the boundary between Newcastle and the Palatinate of Durham. A temporary wooden bridge had to be built, and this remained in use until , when a new stone bridge was completed. The new bridge consisted of nine arches. In , because of the pressure of traffic, the bridge had to be widened. A permanent military presence was established in the city with the completion of Fenham Barracks in In Grainger won a competition to produce a new plan for central Newcastle.

He put this plan into effect using the above architects as well as architects employed in his own office. Grainger and Dobson had also built the Royal Arcade at the foot of Pilgrim Street between and The most ambitious project covered 12 acres 12 acres 49, m 2 in central Newcastle, on the site of Newe House also called Anderson Place.

Dobson designed the Grainger Market and much of the east side of Grey Street. Grey Street is considered to be one of the finest streets in the country, with its elegant curve.

Unfortunately most of old Eldon Square was demolished in the s in the name of progress. The Royal Arcade met a similar fate.

In a new bridge was built across the river at Newcastle. This was the High Level Bridge, designed by Robert Stephenson , and slightly up river from the existing bridge. The bridge was designed to carry road and rail traffic across the Tyne Gorge on two decks with rail traffic on the upper deck and road traffic on the lower.

The new bridge meant that traffic could pass through Newcastle without having to negotiate the steep, narrow Side, as had been necessary for centuries. Trains were now able to cross the river, directly into the centre of Newcastle and carry on up to Scotland. In a large fire started on the Gateshead quayside and an explosion caused it to spread across the river to the Newcastle quayside.

A huge conflagration amongst the narrow alleys, or 'chares', destroyed the homes of families as well as many business premises. The narrow alleys that had been destroyed were replaced by streets containing blocks of modern offices. In the low level bridge was replaced by a new bridge known as the Swing Bridge, so called because the bridge was able to swing horizontally on a central axis and allow ships to pass on either side.

This meant that for the first time sizeable ships could pass up-river beyond Newcastle. The bridge was built and paid for by William Armstrong , a local arms manufacturer, who needed to have warships access his Elswick arms factory to fit armaments to them. The Swing Bridge's rotating mechanism is adapted from the cannon mounts developed in Armstrong's arms works.

In the Elswick works began to build ships as well as to arm them. In the 19th century, shipbuilding and heavy engineering were central to the city's prosperity; and the city was a powerhouse of the Industrial Revolution.

Newcastle's development as a major city owed most to its central role in the production and export of coal. The phrase " taking coals to Newcastle " was first recorded in ; it proverbially denotes bringing a particular commodity to a place that has more than enough of it already.

A small glass industry existed in Newcastle from the midth century. In restrictions were put on the use of wood for manufacturing glass.

It was found that glass could be manufactured using the local coal, and so a glassmaking industry grew up on Tyneside. Huguenot glassmakers came over from France as refugees from persecution and set up glasshouses in the Skinnerburn area of Newcastle. Eventually, glass production moved to the Ouseburn area of Newcastle. In the Dagnia family, Sephardic Jewish emigrants from Altare , arrived in Newcastle from Stourbridge and established glasshouses along the Close, to manufacture high quality flint glass.

The glassware was then exported in collier brigs. The period from to was the highpoint of Newcastle glass manufacture, when the local glassmakers produced the 'Newcastle Light Baluster '. The glassmaking industry still exists in the west end of the city with local Artist and Glassmaker Jane Charles carrying on over four hundred years of hot glass blowing in Newcastle upon Tyne. In George Stephenson and his son Robert established the world's first locomotive factory near Forth Street in Newcastle.

It was here that the famous locomotive Rocket was designed and manufactured in preparation for the Rainhill Trials. Apart from building locomotives for the British market, the Newcastle works also produced locomotives for Europe and America. The Forth Street works continued to build locomotives until In a wooden, ft 41 m long galley was constructed at the mouth of the Lort Burn in Newcastle, as part of a twenty-ship order from the king.

However the rise of the Tyne as a shipbuilding area was due to the need for collier brigs for the coal export trade. These wooden sailing ships were usually built locally, establishing local expertise in building ships.

As ships changed from wood to steel, and from sail to steam, the local shipbuilding industry changed to build the new ships. Although shipbuilding was carried out up and down both sides of the river, the two main areas for building ships in Newcastle were Elswick, to the west, and Walker, to the east.

By Tyneside was the third largest producer of ships in Britain. Unfortunately, after the Second World War, lack of modernisation and competition from abroad gradually caused the local industry to decline and die. In William Armstrong established a huge factory in Elswick, west of Newcastle. This was initially used to produce hydraulic cranes but subsequently began also to produce guns for both the army and the navy. After the Swing Bridge was built in allowing ships to pass up river, warships could have their armaments fitted alongside the Elswick works.

Charles Algernon Parsons invented the steam turbine and, in , founded his own company C. Parsons and Company in Heaton, Newcastle to make steam turbines. Shortly after this, he realised that steam turbines could be used to propel ships and, in , he founded a second company, Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Company in Wallsend.

It is there that he designed and manufactured Turbinia. Parsons turbines were initially used in warships but soon came to be used in merchant and passenger vessels, including the liner Mauretania which held the blue riband for the Atlantic crossing until Parsons' company in Heaton began to make turbo-generators for power stations and supplied power stations all over the world. The Heaton works, reduced in size, remains as part of the Siemens AG industrial giant.

In the Maling pottery was founded in Sunderland by French Huguenots, but transferred to Newcastle in A factory was built in the Ouseburn area of the city. The factory was rebuilt twice, finally occupying a acre 57, m 2 site that was claimed to be the biggest pottery in the world and which had its own railway station. The pottery pioneered use of machines in making potteries as opposed to hand production. In the s the company went up-market and employed in-house designers.

The period up to the Second World War was the most profitable with a constant stream of new designs being introduced. However, after the war, production gradually declined and the company closed in The urban districts of Benwell and Fenham and Walker were added in The most recent expansion in Newcastle's boundaries took place under the Local Government Act on 1 April , when Newcastle became a metropolitan borough , also including the urban districts of Gosforth and Newburn , and the parishes of Brunswick , Dinnington , Hazlerigg , North Gosforth and Woolsington from the Castle Ward Rural District , and the village of Westerhope.

Meanwhile Northumberland County Council was formed under the Local Government Act and benefited from a dedicated meeting place when County Hall was completed in the Castle Garth area of Newcastle in In work began on a new high-level road bridge to span the Tyne Gorge between Newcastle and Gateshead. The capacity of the existing High-Level Bridge and Swing Bridge were being strained to the limit, and an additional bridge had been discussed for a long time.

The road deck was 84 feet 26 m above the river and was supported by a feet m steel arch. The new Tyne Bridge quickly became a symbol for Newcastle and Tyneside, and remains so today.

During the Second World War, Newcastle was largely spared the horrors inflicted upon other British cities bombed during the Blitz. Although the armaments factories and shipyards along the River Tyne were targeted by the German airforce, they largely escaped unscathed. Manors goods yard and railway terminal , to the east of the city centre, and the suburbs of Jesmond and Heaton suffered bombing during There were deaths and injuries, a relatively small figure compared to the casualties in other industrial centres of Britain.

In the city gained its own university, the University of Newcastle upon Tyne , by act of parliament. A School of Medicine and Surgery had been established in Newcastle in This eventually developed into a college of medicine attached to Durham University.

A college of physical science was also founded and became Armstrong College in In the two colleges merged to become King's College, Durham. This remained as part of Durham University until the new university was created in In the city gained its second university when Newcastle Polytechnic was granted university status as Northumbria University.

As heavy industries declined in the second half of the 20th century, large sections of the city centre were demolished along with many areas of slum housing. The leading political figure in the city during the s was T. Dan Smith who oversaw a massive building programme of highrise housing estates and authorised the demolition of a quarter of the Georgian Grainger Town to make way for Eldon Square Shopping Centre.

Smith's control in Newcastle collapsed when it was exposed that he had used public contracts to advantage himself and his business associates [61] and for a time Newcastle became a byword for civic corruption as depicted in the films Get Carter and Stormy Monday and in the television series Our Friends in the North.

However, much of the historic Grainger Town area survived and was, for the most part, fully restored in the late s. Northumberland Street , initially the A1 , was gradually closed to traffic from the s and completely pedestrianised by In a new rapid transport system, the Metro, was built, linking the Tyneside area. The system opened in August Eventually the Metro system was extended to reach Newcastle Airport in , and in the Metro system was extended to the nearby city of Sunderland.

As the 20th century progressed, trade on the Newcastle and Gateshead quaysides gradually declined, until by the s both sides of the river were looking rather derelict. Shipping company offices had closed along with offices of firms related to shipping.

There were also derelict warehouses lining the riverbank. Local government produced a master plan to re-develop the Newcastle quayside and this was begun in the s. New offices, restaurants, bars and residential accommodation were built and the area has changed in the space of a few years into a vibrant area, partially returning the focus of Newcastle to the riverside, where it was in medieval times.

The Gateshead Millennium Bridge , a foot and cycle bridge, 26 feet 7. The road deck is in the form of a curve and is supported by a steel arch. To allow ships to pass, the whole structure, both arch and road-deck, rotates on huge bearings at either end so that the road deck is lifted. The bridge can be said to open and shut like a human eye. It is an important addition to the re-developed quayside area, providing a vital link between the Newcastle and Gateshead quaysides.

Today the city is a vibrant centre for office and retail employment, but just a short distance away there are impoverished inner-city housing estates , in areas originally built to provide affordable housing for employees of the shipyards and other heavy industries that lined the River Tyne.

In the s Newcastle City Council began implementing plans to regenerate these depressed areas, such as those along the Ouseburn Valley. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Pons Aelius. North East England portal. Turning Tides.

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