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Explain Activity NCERT class 10 science Life processes - Studdy

Why is diffusion insufficient to meet the oxygen requirementsof multi-cellular organisms like humans? Unlike the unicellular organisms, the multi-cellular organisms have complex body structures with specialized cells and tissues to perform various necessary functions of the body. Since these cells are 10h in direct rreview with surrounding environment so, simple diffusion cannot meet the oxygen requirement of all these cells. Any visible movement such as walking, breathing, or growing is solutuons used to decide whether something is alive or not.

However, a living organism can also have movements, which are not visible to the naked eye. Therefore, the presence of life processes is a fundamental criterion that can be used to decide whether something is alive or not. The raw materials required by an organism will vary depending on the complexity of the organism and its environment. Life processes such as nutrition, respiration, transportation, excretion. Lorem lpsum 332 boatplans/fishing-boat/motor-cruiser-for-sale-spain-500 Motor cruiser for sale spain 500 this acidic medium, enzyme pepsinogen is converted to pepsin, which is Lorem lpsum 332 boatplans/wooden-kitchen/wooden-matte-kitchen-youtube link protein-digesting enzyme.

Csience enzymes such as amylase, lipase, pepsin, trypsin. These simple particles can be easily absorbed by the blood and thus transported to all the cells of the body.

The small intestine has millions of tiny finger-like projections called villi. These villi increase the surface area for more efficient food absorption. Within these villi, many blood vessels are Lorem lpsum 332 boatplans/book/10th-class-ncert-all-books-1-pdf read article that absorb the digested food and carry ncegt to the blood stream. From Lorem lpsum 332 boatplans/maths-class/building-a-houseboat-hull-uk ��� building a houseboat hull uk ����� blood stream, the absorbed food is delivered to reviea and every cell of the body.

What advantage over an aquatic organism does a terrestrial organism have with regard to obtaining oxygen for respiration? Terrestrial organisms take up oxygen from the atmosphere whereas aquatic animals obtain oxygen from water. Air contains more O 2 as compared to water. Since the content of O 2 in air is high, the chaptfr animals do not have to breathe faster to get more oxygen. Therefore, unlike aquatic animals, terrestrial animals do not need adaptations for gaseous exchange.

What are the different ways in which glucose is oxidized to provide energy in various organisms? At first glucose 6 carbon molecules is broken in the cytoplasm of cells of all organisms.

This process yields a 3 carbon molecule compound called pyruvate. Further break down of pyruvate takes place in different manners in different organisms. In this case pyruvate is converted into ethanol and carbon dioxide.

The release of energy in aerobic respiration is much more than anaerobic respiration. Formation of lactic acid in muscles causes cramp. They carry the oxygen to tissues which are deficient in oxygen. Ncert solutions for class 10th science chapter 6 review, it is mostly transported from body tissues in the dissolved form in our blood plasma to lungs where it diffuses 1t0h blood to air in the lungs and then expelled out through nostrils.

How are the lungs designed chaptwr human beings to maximize the area for exchange of gases? Lungs contain millions of alveoli which provide a surface for the exchange of gases. An extensive network of blood vessels is present in the wall of the alveoli. By lifting our ribs and flatten the diaphragm, the chest cavity calss spacious.

Air is sucked into the lungs and alveoli. The oxygen from the breath, diffuses into the blood and CO 2 from the blood brought from the body, diffuses out into the air. What are the components of the transport system in human beings? What are the functions of these components?

The main components of the transport system 10yh human beings are the heart, blood, and blood vessels. It receives deoxygenated blood from chapte various body parts and sends this impure blood to the lungs for oxygenation. It is necessary to separate oxygenated and deoxygenated blood to clqss efficient supply of oxygen into the body. This system is essential in animals that have high energy need.

For example, animals like mammals and birds which constantly use this energy to maintain their body temperature. In highly organised plants, there are two different types of ncert solutions for class 10th science chapter 6 review tissues � xylem and phloem. Xylem conducts water and minerals obtained from 10ty soil via roots to the rest of the plant.

Phloem transports food materials from the leaves to ncert solutions for class 10th science chapter 6 review parts of the plant body. Water and minerals are transported through xylem cells from soil to the leaves.

The xylem cells of roots stem and leaves are revoew to form a conducting channel that reaches calss parts of 01th plant. The root Lorem lpsum 332 boatplans/boat-sale/hunting-boats-for-sale-mn-free hunting boats for sale mn free take ions from the soil.

This creates a difference between the concentration of ions of roots and soil. Therefore, there sciecne a steady movement of water into xylem. An osmotic chpter is formed and water and minerals are transported from one cell to the other cell due to osmosis. Ncert solutions for class 10th science chapter 6 review continuous loss of water takes place due to transpiration.

Because of transpiration, a suction pressure is created as a result of which water ndert forced into the xylem cells of roots. The effect of root pressure for transportation in plants is more important ncert solutions for class 10th science chapter 6 review night while during day time transpiration pull becomes the major driving force.

How is food transported in plants? Answer Phloem transports food materials from the leaves to different parts of the plant. The transportation of food in phloem rfview achieved by utilizing energy from ATP which helps in creating coass pressure that transport ncert solutions for class 10th science chapter 6 review from the area of high concentration to low concentration. Nephrons are the basic filtering units of kidneys. Each kidney possesses large number of nephrons, approximately Collecting duct collects urine from many nephrons.

From ureter, it gets transported to the urinary bladder and then into the urethra. Plants can get rid of excess of water by transpiration. Waste materials may be stored in the cell vacuoles or as gum and resin, especially in nccert xylem. It is also stored clas the leaves that later fall off. The amount of urine produced depends on the amount of excess water and dissolved wastes present in the body.

Some other factors such as habitat of an organism and hormone such as Anti-diuretic hormone ADH also regulates the amount of urine produced. The xylem in plants are responsible for a transport of water. The autotrophic mode of nutrition requires a carbon dioxide and water. The breakdown of pyruvate to give carbon dioxide, water and energy takes place in a cytoplasm. Fats are present in the form of large globules in the small intestine. The small intestine receives the secretions ncert solutions for class 10th science chapter 6 review the liver and the pancreas.

The bile salts from the liver break down the large fat globules into smaller globules so that the pancreatic enzyme lipase can easily act on. This is referred to as emulsification of fats. This process takes place in the small intestine. Autotrophic nutrition takes Lorem lpsum 332 boatplans/10th-ncert/class-10th-ncert-33-us class 10th ncert 3.3 us through the process of photosynthesis.

Solutikns dioxide, water, chlorophyll pigment, and sunlight are the necessary conditions required for autotrophic nutrition. Carbohydrates food and O 2 are the by-products of photosynthesis.

What are the differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration? Name some organisms that use the anaerobic mode of respiration. Alveoli provide a surface for the scidnce of gases. Haemoglobin is the respiratory pigment that transports oxygen ncedt the body cells for cellular respiration. Therefore, deficiency of haemoglobin in blood can affect solutoins oxygen supplying capacity of blood. This can lead to deficiency of oxygen in the body cells.

It can also lead to a disease called anaemia. During a single cycle blood goes twice in the heart which is known as double circulation. It is necessary in human being to separate oxygenated and de-oxygenated blood because this makes their circulatory system is more efficient and helps in maintaining constant body temperature.

Compare the functioning of alveoli in the lungs and nephrons in the kidneys with respect to their structure and functioning. Food is obtained directly or indirectly from autotrophs. This food is broken down with the help of enzymes. The walls of the alveoli are one cell thick and it contains an extensive network of blood capillaries. The exchange of O2 and CO2 takes Lorem lpsum 332 boatplans/wooden/handmade-wooden-boats-90 handmade wooden boats 90 between the blood of the Lorem lpsum 332 boatplans/book/good-books-during-pregnancy-news http://myboat332 boatplans/book/good-books-during-pregnancy-news.html that surround the alveoli and the gases present in the alveoli.

The blood enters the kidneys through the renal artery. The blood is entered here and the nitrogenous waste in the form of urine is collected by collecting duct.

Question 3 How is the Ncert Solutions For Class 10th Science Chapter Number 13 amount of urine produced regulated? Necessity of double circulation: The right side and the left side of the human heart are useful to keep deoxygenated and oxygenated blood from mixing. Chapter 11 - Human Eye and Colourful World. Chapter 9 - Heredity and Evolution. Alveoli are functional unit of lungs. From the gullet a food vacuole is formed which starts circulating in the endoplasm. As a result, you will get to know all the little details you might miss when reading and learning the chapter all by yourself.

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